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A. The Sierra Nevada Mountains in the U.S.

B. The Atlas Mountains in Africa

C. The Andes Mountains in South America

D. The Ural Mountains in Russia

C.

Quinoa (pronounced kin-WAH) is native to the Andes Mountain region (although today quinoa is grown in more than 70 countries worldwide). According to HuffPost Life, quinoa starts its life as a leafy green stalk that sheds its leaves when the quinoa seed is ready to be harvested. Once the quinoa seeds are separated from the seed heads, they are rinsed to remove the seeds’ bitter coating of saponin, a protectant against natural predators like birds and insects. Quinoa is then shipped to supermarkets all over the world—to be consumed in salads and veggie burgers alike.

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A. Rhône River

B. Saône River

C. Gironde River

D. Dordogne River

B.

The Saône River (pronounced sohn) runs through Burgundy from the Vosges Mountains in eastern France south to the city of Lyon. The Saône—a river that has approximately 30 locks, or gated sections, to assist ships in navigating the waters—is 268 miles long (or 431 kilometers) and is connected by canal to both the Rhine River and the Seine (famous as the river that runs through Paris). The Rhône River runs through the Rhône Valley. The Dordogne River is in Bordeaux and the Gironde is technically an estuary, not a river. It connects Bordeaux to the Atlantic Ocean.

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A. A blend of grenache, syrah, and mourvèdre

B. 100% grenache

C. Predominately syrah with a small amount of viognier

D. 100% syrah

D.

Wines from Cornas must be made 100% from syrah grapes. Located at the southern end of the northern Rhône, Cornas’ reds are dense, edgy, and darkly earthy. To feel a truly untamed Cornas on your palate is to feel like your tongue is being lashed by strips of leather. While not everyone loves Cornas, those who do, love it madly. Cornas’ are generally aged for seven to ten years before consumption.

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A. Seoul

B. Paris

C. Singapore

D. Tokyo

A.

According to The Economist’s 2018 Worldwide Cost of Living report, Seoul, South Korea, has the highest average price for a loaf of bread—$15.59. This is more than double the average price in the second most expensive city: Geneva at $6.45 a loaf. Surprisingly, bread costs more in Paris (arguably the bread capital of the world) at $6.33 a loaf than it does in Singapore—$3.71.

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A. The United States

B. Spain

C. Italy

D. France

D.

France leads global production of rosé with over 193 million gallons produced in 2015, according to the Organization of Vine and Wine (OIV) and the Provence Wine Council (CIVP). France is not only the largest producer, but also the largest consumer by volume and the largest exporter of rosé wines! Spain (123.2 million gallons), the U.S. (96.2 million gallons), and Italy (58 million gallons) are the other leading rosé producers.

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A. New York

B. California

C. Virginia

D. Missouri

D.

The oldest AVA in the U.S. is Augusta, Missouri, which was awarded the status on June 20, 1980. The region is home to a plethora of grape varieties including chambourcin, vignoles, concord, and Norton/Cynthiana (this latter variety became the official state grape in 2003). Missouri is also, along with Yamanashi, Japan, a recently elected member of Wine Origins, a global organization with 25 members that focuses on protecting wine place names. Other members of Wine Origins include: Willamette Valley, Jerez, Tokaj-Hegyalja, Washington State, Santa Barbara, Oregon, Burgundy, Texas, Rioja, Napa Valley, Walla Walla Valley, Long Island, Paso Robles, Chianti Classico, Bordeaux, the Duoro, Champagne, Sonoma County, McLaren Vale, Victoria, British Columbia, the Barossa, and Western Australia.

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A. Magdeleine noire des Charentes

B. Petit Manseng

C. Chardonnay

D. Côt (aka Malbec)

A.

Merlot’s mother was magdeleine noire des Charentes. Grape geneticists determined that merlot was the offspring of cabernet franc in the early 1990s, but merlot’s other parent remained a mystery for a decade. We can thank French ampelographer Jean-Michel Boursiquot for finding merlot’s unnamed mother in an abandoned vineyard in Brittany, France. A few years later, more vines were found in the Charentes region of southwestern France, and Boursiquot named the vines magdeleine noire des Charentes.

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A. Sea urchins

B. Wasps

C. Pickled radishes

D. Ants

B.

Jibachi senbei, or digger wasp rice crackers, contain an insect called digger wasps. Hunters set traps for the wasps in the forests surrounding Omachi, a town about 120 miles from Tokyo where these crackers were invented, specifically to make jibachi senbei. After being boiled and dried, the wasps are added to the rice cracker mix. According to Gastro Obscura, the snack was invented by a wasp fan club (who knew?) and a cracker-baker. It’s now a favorite among the elderly population (Omachi’s youth aren’t so keen). A reviewer claims the crackers taste slightly sweet and savory, with the wasps coming across “like burnt raisins.” A wine to pair? Hmmm. Port to mirror the sweet/savoriness or Champagne to amplify the crunch?

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A. Singapore

B. Tel Aviv

C. Geneva

D. Hong Kong

B.

Of the top ten cities in the world with the highest cost of living, Tel Aviv, Israel, also has the highest average price for a bottle of wine—$28.77, according to The Economist’s Worldwide Cost of Living 2018 report. The second most expensive city for wine is Seoul, South Korea, with the average bottle price of $27.02. The ten most expensive cities in the world are: Singapore, Paris, Hong Kong, Zurich, Geneva, Osaka, Seoul, Copenhagen, New York, Tel Aviv, and Los Angeles.

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A. Writings by an early Napa Valley pioneer

B. The life of an early winemaker in the Pacific Northwest

C. A myth of revenge from the Piedmont region of Italy

D. A California miner who became famous during the Gold Rush and eventually became a judge

A.

Napa Valley’s first non-Native American settler, George Calvert Yount was a fur trapper and a friend of fellow fur trapper Hugh Glass, the subject of the film The Revenant and the book of the same name. Some of Yount’s writings helped inform the true story of Glass and fur traders in the West. Yount settled in the Napa Valley in 1838 and his first production of “wine” was allegedly fermented in cowhides hung from trees. In 1860, Yount hired a young Prussian immigrant named Charles Krug to help him make better quality wines. Krug went on to found his own winery, Charles Krug, in 1861. After Yount’s death in 1865, the United States Postal Service renamed the town where he lived “Yountville” in his honor.