Complex American hybrid originally created in the southeastern part of the United States and named after Lenoir County in South Carolina. Eventually taken further south to Mississippi by a Spanish man named Jacquez—hence Jacquez is a synonym, as is Black Spanish, thanks to the deep color of the grape’s skin and the Spaniard. (Note that several different varieties have Black Spanish as a synonym). Widely planted in southeastern and central Texas where it has appeared to have developed a natural resistance to Pierce’s Disease despite the heat and humidity of the climate. Also widely planted in Brazil where it is used for juice, jelly, and jug wines.